The reactionary Justice and Development Party (AKP) government of Turkey, led by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, began a military offensive on July 24 against the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) and against people of Kurdish origin throughout the geographical area of Turkey, Syria and Iraq. Another primary target of this offensive is Syria’s government.Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) fighters arrive in the northern Iraqi city of Dohuk.The Turkish regime has also arrested 1,200 people within Turkey, charging them with “suspicion of terrorism.” Most are from Kurdish and/or leftist groups. A Turkish politician from the AKP’s rival capitalist Republican People’s Party (CHP), Faruk Logoglu, said, “The true target of the AKP regime is not the I.S., but the PKK.” (Junge Welt, Aug. 3) The PKK has been defending Kurdish regions against Turkey’s army with a guerrilla war since 1984.U.S. imperialism and its NATO military alliance has given the Turkish offensive its full political, diplomatic and military support. The Turkish regime is now allowing the Pentagon to use Turkish airbases at Incirlik and Diyarbakir in the southeast of the country to carry out bombing attacks in Iraq and Syria. In return, the U.S. and NATO are allowing Turkey to set up a “buffer zone” inside Syria in Rojava province.Turkey has been a NATO member since 1952, after its armed forces intervened under U.S. command against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Washington sends more military aid to Turkey’s armed forces — second in size in NATO only to the U.S. — than to any other countries except Israel and Egypt.Through most of the post World War II period, Turkey had its closest military ties to U.S. imperialism and closest economic ties to Western Germany. Currently, Turkey does significant trading with Russia and China. About 3 million people of Turkish background, including Kurds, live and work in Germany now as second-class residents, and Germany’s arms industry sends weapons to Turkey.The pretext for Turkish aggression is the alleged war against the Islamic State. It is also the pretext for U.S. and NATO support and for the Pentagon intervention in Syria and Iraq.Since the war within Syria opened up in 2011, the Turkish regime has supported and armed those forces fighting the Bashar al-Assad government, including the reactionary Islamic forces like the Islamic State. Only after the Islamic State opened a successful offensive in Iraq in 2014 and Washington designated this group as an enemy did Ankara even try to hide its support.Behind Erdogan’s offensiveThe first step leading to Erdogan’s offensive against the Kurdish movements throughout the region and against the left within Turkey was the surprising setback for his party in the June elections. Hoping to win 60 percent of the seats in parliament, the AKP instead lost its majority and won only 258 of the 550 seats. A new leftist coalition party, the Peoples Democratic Party (HDP), with much support from the Kurdish population won 13 percent of the votes and 79 seats.What had boosted the mood among Kurds and left forces in Turkey just before the election was the military victory by armed, mostly Kurdish elements against the Islamic State in the town of Kobane in the Kurdish region of northern Syria. Women played an active role among the Kurdish fighters of the PKK and its Syrian sister party. The popular liberation fighters became a rallying point for leftists all over Turkey and among European communists.Because of the severe damage in Kobane, progressive youth were rallying on July 22 in Suruç, Turkey, just six miles from the town in Syria, planning to go there to reconstruct buildings for Kobane’s youth.As Workers World warned in its June 21 article reporting on Turkey’s June 7 national election, “The Turkish police, intelligence services and the massive armed forces, with nearly 700,000 personnel and with close ties to both the U.S. and German armed forces, are still the power behind the electoral façade.” It took only a month for Erdogan to move in the direction of using the repressive apparatus of the state to reverse his electoral defeat.The rally in Suruç was hit by a suicide bomber, allegedly an operative of the Islamic State, which left 32 of the socialist youth dead. Many suspected the hand of the Turkish political police in arranging or allowing the bombing to take place. This suspicion grew as Erdogan used the terror attack on a left group as a pretext to arrest 1,300 people, all but 140 of whom were leftists, and accuse them of terrorism, as well as to launch the bombing attacks.In Iraq, the Turkish Air Force described its targets in Iraq not as the Islamic State but as “PKK camps.” The official state Anatolia news agency claimed that the airstrikes had killed 260 and wounded 400 PKK fighters in Turkey and northern Iraq as of July 30, including the brother of the co-chairperson of the HDP.It is common for oppressive forces to exaggerate their military successes, just as the U.S. did in Vietnam. The PKK response was that they had few casualties among fighters but that many civilians, including children, were killed in the northern Iraq town of Zergele.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
GRST headquaters in Banjul @GRTS Help by sharing this information These challenges include repeal of draconian laws introduced under former dictator Yahya Jammeh that are still in effect. Despite the good intentions proclaimed by Adama Barrow when he became president in 2017, the repressive media laws have yet to be the subject of long-awaiting major reforms. On 17 July, the Gambian parliament approved a bill granting a subsidy of 15 million dalasi (about 300,000 US dollars) to the county’s print media and radio stations. A separate subsidy is planned for TV channels. This is the first time since 1965 that the media have been given assistance of this kind. News Reporters Without Borders (RSF) welcomes the Gambian government’s decision to grant a subsidy to media outlets that have been badly hit by the Covid-19 pandemic. But many challenges need to be addressed to improve press freedom in Gambia. They include laws on fake news, defamation and criminal defamation. The often violent behaviour of the security forces in their relations with journalists is another issue that needs to be resolved, as is the issue of Jammeh’s extradition. Regarded as the mastermind of the journalist Deyda Hydara’s murder, the former dictator is still benefitting from the refuge he was given in Equatorial Guinea. January 27, 2020 Find out more Organisation July 23, 2019 Find out more GambiaAfrica Activities in the fieldCondemning abusesProtecting journalistsMedia independence Covid19EnvironmentImpunityInternetFreedom of expression News Gambia: Missing editor died in detention in 2008 after mistreatment News Follow the news on Gambia Receive email alerts “This historic decision is all the more important for coming at a time when the media are facing an unprecedented financial crisis exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic,” said Assane Diagne, the director of RSF’s West Africa office. “However, this measure must not divert attention from the other challenges that still need to be addressed in order to create a more favourable environment for journalistic freedom in a country marked by a 20-year dictatorship.” August 6, 2020 Gambia still needs to address challenges to press freedom RSF_en @RSF_Inter to go further GambiaAfrica Activities in the fieldCondemning abusesProtecting journalistsMedia independence Covid19EnvironmentImpunityInternetFreedom of expression News March 22, 2019 Find out more Gambia: former president must stand trial for journalist’s murder Three journalist arrested, two radio stations closed in Gambia Gambia’s media landscape has diversified since Jammeh’s departure. The country now has four dailies, a tri-weekly, 33 radio stations, six TV channels and many news websites. It is ranked 87th out of 180 countries and regions in RSF’s 2020 World Press Freedom Index.
Subjects starting later, according to the BBC, will include “English literature, history and maths”. By 7 February, all students should have returned. It is not yet clear how these plans will be implemented at the University of Oxford. Image Credit: Pixabay. The Department for Education, outlining plans for returning to universities in England after Christmas, has asked that institutions stagger the return of students over five weeks in order to “ensure the safety of students and staff”. Michelle Donelan, the universities minister, said when announcing the plans: “The health and wellbeing of students, staff and local communities is always our primary concern and this plan will enable a safer return for all students. “But we must do this in a way which minimises the risk of transmission. I know students have had to make sacrifices this year and have faced a number of challenges, but this staggered return will help to protect students, staff and communities.” This is a developing story. It will be updated as further information is provided. Students will also be offered two lateral flow tests when they arrive back, echoing the current optional lateral flow tests provided for students as they leave for the Christmas vacation. Speaking regarding these tests, Health Secretary Matt Hancock said: “I encourage all students to play their part in bringing this virus under control by getting tested twice, and by following the restrictions in place when travelling to and from university this term.” UCU general secretary Jo Grady said: “This is a step forward, but plans for next term still pose a risk to staff and student safety. Universities must work with the government to support students who decide the reality of life on campus during this pandemic isn’t for them, including releasing them from accommodation contracts.” Students who will be prioritised for an early return include those on placements or practical courses with a need for in-person teaching (including music, dance, drama, the sciences, medicine, nursing and dentistry).
UNION CITY — “Alone with the Darkness,” a short powerful anti-bullying film directed by Frank Gigante, will be shown Thursday night, Feb. 15. Free event and free parking.7:30 p.m. at the Union City performing arts Center 2500 Kennedy Blvd. Free parking at 23rd street parking deck located on 23rd between Summit and Kerrigan Avenues.
The Village Bakery (Melmerby, Cumbria) has introduced Organic Brownies, made with Green and Black’s organic dark chocolate and crunchy walnuts.The brownie contains no unrefined organic sugar and uses organic free-range eggs and butter. The Village Bakery also says it has new packaging to display all dietary requirements and nutritional content, printed on recycled boards making it 100% recyclable.
Most craft bakers’ bread and cakes prices have risen in the last 12 months, although some branded products are even cheaper than a year ago, according to British Baker’s Shopping Basket.In the year since our food and drink comparison began recording prices around the country, a large white loaf is up 18p to £1.40 on average, a large granary loaf is up 10p to £1.48, and a jam doughnut now costs 53.8p, up nearly 4p.However, Walkers Crisps in craft shops are selling for 41.2p, down from 45p this time last year. Interestingly, customers at the main coffee shop chains have seen fewer changes on their bill. Hot drinks prices remain virtually unchanged, the only difference being that the cheapest coffee shop chain – Caffè Nero – has increased prices to bring them more in line with its competitors. So its regular tea is 5p more than it was 12 months ago (the same as Starbucks) and Coffee Republic has also increased the price of its tea from £1.30 to £1.59.Similarly, Caffè Nero’s regular latte and cappuccino are another 10p each, while the other chain’s coffee prices haven’t moved, although Starbucks seemed to have a small promotion on its latte last summer, down from £2.40 to £2.05.Coffee shop comparisonThere have been no real surprises with coffee shop food either: Caffè Nero charges 15p more for a cheese panini (up to £3.40), while there is no change in the price of chocolate chip cookies, and blueberry muffins cost the same, except that diners at Coffee Republic are paying 5p less (down to £1.65).A slice of chocolate cake will set you back the same amount as it did last April in Caffè Nero (£2.25) and Costa Coffee (£2.35) although at the end of last year, this had dipped to £1.80 at Starbucks and gone up to £2.50 in Coffee Republic.Supermarket parityWith rising wheat costs, it’s no surprise that plant bread prices have risen at the supermarkets over the last year, but it’s interesting to see that prices are now similar across the major retailers; an 800g Warburtons Toastie sold from anywhere between 70p (Asda) to £1.16 (Morrisons) last April, but it was £1.29 across the board in February this year.There is also more parity across retailers with other products – for example, Soreen Fruity Malt Loaf started out at between 56p and 88p, but a few months later was 62p in all stores.Meanwhile, supermarket crisps fans are paying anything up to 13p more than they were this time last year for a packet of Walkers; Sainsbury’s is charging 43p (up from 30p) while at Asda it’s 40p rather than 32p. However, a 500ml bottle of Coke to wash them down with now costs less; it’s up to 5p cheaper now (down from 97p at Waitrose) and typically 1p or 2p less.—-=== Supermarket price comparisons ===Walkers Crisps (packet – 40g) Warburtons Toastie (800g)*Feb ’09 April ’08 Feb ’09 April ’08Sainsbury’s 43p 30p £1.29 £1.11Tesco 40p 32p £1.29 £1.11Waitrose/Ocado 40p 36p n/a £1.11Morrisons 40p 35p £1.29 £1.16Asda 40p 32p £1.29 70p* bread prices may be affected by seasonal promotions—-=== Craft bakery price comparison* ===Feb ’09 April ’08Large White Loaf £1.40 £1.22Large Granary Loaf £1.48 £1.38Jam Doughnut 53.8p 50pWalkers Crisps 41.2p 45p* mean prices based on BB’s price check over the last 12 month—-=== Coffee shop comparison ===Eat-in prices Regular tea – Nov ’08 Regular tea – May ’08Costa Coffee £1.60 £1.60Coffee Republic £1.59 £1.30Starbucks £1.55 £1.55Caffè Nero £1.55 £1.50
Experts gather at Harvard to discuss food insecurity, long-term solutions Study finds greater adherence lowers risk of Type 2 diabetes by 23% Understanding what sustains us — and what sustains our world — is fundamental. It is also the subject of the Global Food+ 2021, a joint webinar series run by researchers at Boston University, Harvard, MIT, and Tufts on their current work on the intersection of agriculture, health, environment, and society. This free online series, sponsored and hosted by Harvard’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, kicks off Friday and runs for four consecutive Fridays, with each event featuring 10 speed talks of seven minutes each. We spoke with Walter Willett, professor of epidemiology and nutrition at the T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School professor of medicine, who will give a talk on “Fine Tuning Healthy, Sustainable Diets” during the inaugural session this week.Q&AWalter WillettGAZETTE: Your talk is titled “Fine Tuning Healthy, Sustainable Diets.” What does that mean?WILLETT: Basically getting down to specifics of diets that are both healthy for people and also healthy for the planet. We know, in a big-picture way, the direction we need to go, but I thought I would talk a bit about looking into more details.GAZETTE: Would you share some specifics?WILLETT: Part of it is intuitive, but even when we say “Eat a more plant-based diet,” what we’ve come to realize is that not all plant foods are healthy. Dunkin Donuts and Coca-Cola are plant foods, but they’re not good for our health, even though they have a relatively small environmental footprint. We’ve created a plant-based dietary index with more-healthy plant foods, like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, and also unhealthy plant-based food, like sugar-sweetened beverages and things made from refined flour. It’s good to simplify things as much as possible, but we can’t and shouldn’t oversimplify.GAZETTE: You’re also looking at sustainability, the health of the planet. WILLETT: Exactly. That unhealthy plant-based diet might not be so bad for the planet because you get a lot of calories for area of land with modest environmental inputs. We need to look below the surface. Certainly moving toward a less animal-based diet is a good direction to go. But we can have a sustainable planet without everybody becoming a vegan.,GAZETTE: We don’t have to give up meat?WILLETT: I co-chaired the Eat Lancet-Commission, and we did conclude that there’s room for about two servings of animal-source foods per day, one being dairy and one being some combination of fish or poultry a couple of times a week, or some eggs, with red meat just once a week. People could become vegans, of course, if they’re careful about getting enough vitamin B12, but this does provide a lot of flexibility. We’re quite off target at this point in time though, especially in the United States.GAZETTE: How aligned are the goals of human health and sustainability as a planet?WILLETT: There are no serious conflicts in that, very broadly, the healthiest diet for humans will be a diet that is healthy for the planet. But there is this divergence in that you can have a diet that is relatively healthy for the planet, but very bad for humans. And that’s the diet that is low in animal source foods but high in starch, especially if it’s refined starch, and sugar. We often call that a poverty diet in that the cheapest sources of calories are starch and sugar. That has a light footprint on the planet, but it’s not healthy.GAZETTE: Would you tell us about your current research?WILLETT: We’re working on a lot of fronts so I will just briefly talk about our long-term cohort studies. This is the Nurses’ Health Study and the follow-up study. We’ve been following over 250,000 people starting in 1980. We’re able to look at the long-term consequences of diet, and we are really starting to see some things that we didn’t see in the first couple of decades. We now see that the development of diseases like cancer occurs over many decades. What girls consumed during childhood turns out to be more important for their [risk of] breast cancer at age 60 than what they were eating at age 50. It really does highlight the importance of paying attention to what we feed our kids in schools as well as at home.GAZETTE: What should we be eating?WILLETT: Variety, but there are some parts of that are important to include in that variety. We do see, for example, that the dark orange and green leafy vegetables like carrots and greens are important for helping reduce breast cancer risk, and the cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cabbage are related to lower risk of breast cancer later in life. For cognitive function, it looks like including tomato products, like tomato sauce, is important. It’s not that there’s one magic bullet there, but making sure we include these kinds of vegetables is important. GAZETTE: And is such a diet sustainable?WILLETT: In general vegetables have a light- to moderate-impact environmental footprint, but it varies tremendously. If we produce them in California and ship them across the country, there is an appreciable-impact carbon footprint, not from producing the vegetables per se but from the process of keeping the cold chain. Some colleagues at Michigan have shown that by very simple low technology, like greenhouses where they don’t use fossil fuels for heat, they can produce greens pretty much year-round in Michigan with about 1/10 of the environmental footprint compared to those that are produced and shipped from California. So it’s not just what we eat, but how it’s produced.GAZETTE: Does that mean we should be eating local?WILLETT: All else being equal. But if you have a greenhouse in New England that’s burning a lot of fossil fuel to produce tomatoes in January, that isn’t necessarily going to be good. We do have pretty much every day what’s called a fruit train come up the East Coast from Florida to the Boston markets. We’re taking advantage of the warmth and sunlight in Florida, and train transportation is pretty inexpensive, so that’s probably better than putting a couple of bushels of fruit in your pickup in Western Massachusetts and driving to Boston. We want to simplify things, but not oversimplify things.Interview was edited for clarity and length. Assessing the latest U.S. dietary guidelines Hunger on the rise amid pandemic Related The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Growing support for plant-based diet For the first time includes recommendations for babies and toddlers
The winner between Uganda and Somalia will face the winner between South Sudan and Burundi in the last phase of the qualifiers. Burundi beat South Sudan 2-0 in the first leg last weekend and the return leg will be played on Sunday in Kampala.The South Sudan Football Association opted to play their home game in Uganda because their Juba Stadium is undergoing renovation.The CHAN tournament is played by locally based players playing in the domestic leagues of the respective countries. Uganda has featured in the 2018, 2016, 2014 and 2012 Editions of the CHAN competition.*****URNShare on: WhatsApp FILE PHOTO: Uganda CranesKampala, Uganda | THE INDEPENDENT | Head coach of Somalia’s national team Bashir Hayford has said his team has what it takes to get a win against hosts Uganda in the return leg of the 2020 Africa Nations Championship (CHAN) qualifier.Uganda Cranes will host Somalia in the return leg this afternoon at the StarTimes Stadium, Lugogo. Under caretaker coach Abudallah Mubiru, the Uganda Cranes have a 3-1 advantage after winning in the first leg played in Djibouti last weekend.Hayford told URN on Friday evening that although they lost the first leg, his team is determined to get a good result in Kampala.“We have prepared well and rectified the mistakes we made in the first leg. We know Uganda is a strong side, but we are well motivated to get a good result against them,” added Hayford who was in charge of Ghana at the 2018 Women’s Africa Cup of Nations.But Uganda’s coach Mubiru has made it clear his team will have to show a good game in-front of the home fans. “We shall not underrate the Somalia team because we beat them in the first leg. We want to be more clinical in-front of goal,” added Mubiru.The Uganda Cranes will miss the services of defender Timothy Awany who captained during the first leg, but traveled to Israel to negotiate a professional move.
Pittsburgh Steelers head coach Mike Tomlin thanks fans as he walks off Heinz Field after a 20-7 win over the Cleveland Browns Sunday, Dec. 29. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar)PITTSBURGH (AP) – Pittsburgh played like it didn’t want its season to end. Cleveland looked as though it couldn’t wait to pack things up and go home.The Browns got their wish. The Steelers did not.Le’Veon Bell ran for 90 yards and a touchdown as Pittsburgh drubbed lifeless Cleveland 20-7 on Sunday. It wasn’t quite enough to secure an unlikely playoff spot. The Steelers (8-8) were eliminated from postseason contention when San Diego edged Kansas City 27-24 in overtime on Sunday evening.Pittsburgh went 6-2 over the final eight weeks to rally from a miserable start, but failed to make the playoffs for the second straight season.Cleveland didn’t exactly play angry while letting the Steelers roll to victory for the 26th time in 31 meetings since the Browns were revived in 1999.Roethlisberger passed for 179 yards and a touchdown against two interceptions as Pittsburgh (8-8) won its third straight to avoid the franchise’s first losing season since 2003. The victory also continued a furious second-half rally by the Steelers, who went 6-2 over the season’s final eight weeks to fuel an improbable run at the AFC’s final postseason spot.“Guys just kept fighting,” Steelers defensive end Cam Heyward said. “Wasn’t anything glorious or something beautiful, we just came out of nowhere.”Jason Campbell completed 23 of 41 passes for 240 yards with a touchdown and an interception. Josh Gordon caught seven passes for 82 yards to finish with an NFL-high 1,646 yards receiving, a first for the franchise. It proved little solace on a wet, miserable day at Heinz Field in which Cleveland looked very much like the same old Browns.Cleveland was largely noncompetitive over the season’s final three months, losing 10 of 11, with seven losses by a touchdown or more, including two to the Steelers by a combined 47-18.There is no sense of panic in Pittsburgh. A season that appeared teetering on embarrassment after a 55-31 loss to New England on Nov. 3 ended up with a decidedly rosier finish.The Steelers scored on the opening drive, a 9-yard strike from Roethlisberger to Jerricho Cotchery, and it was more than enough. Whenever the Browns threatened, they found a way to botch it. Twice they failed on fourth-down attempts in Pittsburgh territory and didn’t reach the end zone until Campbell found Fozzy Whitaker on a 35-yard pass with 2:46 remaining.By then most of the attention had turned to the scoreboard, where the biggest roars were saved for scores by the Bengals and Jets, who then won to boost Pittsburgh’s playoff chances.The rapid development of Bell helped Pittsburgh’s remarkable turnaround. He broke Hall of Famer Franco Harris’ team record for total yards from scrimmage by a rookie by combining for 96 yards in the muck at Heinz Field. Bell finished with 1,259 total yards in just 13 games, 24 more than the mark of 1,235 Harris set in 1972.Bell’s 5-yard touchdown burst in the second quarter, which included a nifty spin move in the backfield, gave the Steelers a 14-0 lead at the break. It capped an 87-yard drive in which Bell touched the ball 10 times in 14 plays.That was more than enough for a defense that appeared rejuvenated, sacking Campbell three times, including a strip fumble by defensive end Brett Keisel, likely playing his final regular-season game of his 12-year career with Pittsburgh.NOTES: Steelers WR Antonio Brown caught nine passes for 97 yards to finish with 110 receptions on the season, narrowly missing the club mark of 112 set by Hines Ward in 2012. … Roethlisberger finished with 4,261 yards passing, the second-highest total in team history to his 4,328 in 2009.___AP NFL website: www.pro32.ap.org
RED BANK – Red Bank Flavour and the Red Bank RiverCenter’s next Food and Wine Walk will be Sunday, July 21.The monthly culinary tour, which kicked off in June, is held the third Sunday each month through October with more than 20 participating venues.The Red Bank Flavour Food and Wine Walk encourages foodies throughout the region to enjoy samplings of the borough’s unique culinary offerings.“The Red Bank Flavour Food and Wine Walk is made possible by our town’s diverse restaurant community,” said Valerie Aufiero, owner of Front Street Trattoria. “We are thrilled to collaborate on events like this. It is a great way to raise awareness of Red Bank’s culinary offerings, and gives foodies a chance to experience all of Red Bank’s flavors.”Venues participating in the Red Bank Flavour Food and Wine Walk include: Biagio Wood-Fired Pizza, Carter & Cavero, Cupcake Magician, Danny’s Grill & Wine Bar, Buona Sera, Dish, Front Street Trattoria, Gaetano’s, The Globe Hotel, Jamian’s, Jr.’s, La Pastaria, Lil’ Cutie Pops, New Corner Italian Restaurant and Pizzeria, Pazzo, Readies Café, red, Siam Garden, Sicilia Café, Sugarush a Sweet Experience, Taste, Teak, The Bistro at Red Bank, The Boondock’s Fishery, The Cheese Cave, The Downtown and The Wine Cellar.Buona Sera will participate in the Food and Wine Walks in July, August and October.The remaining dates for the Red Bank Flavour Food and Wine Walk are Aug. 18, Sept. 15 and Oct. 20. Each walk will be held from 2 to 6 p.m. and tickets are $35 per person. Interested parties can purchase tickets at Danny’s Grill & Wine Bar, Teak, and red Restaurant and Lounge starting at 1:30 p.m. on the afternoon of each Food and Wine Walk.For more information about Red Bank Flavour, please, visit www.RedBankFlavour.com. To learn more about the Red Bank RiverCenter, please visit www.ACoolLittleTown.com.